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Alcoholism and drunkenness 



Alcoholism and drunkenness 


Drunkenness and alcoholism are not the same, while drunkenness is a transient state resulting from excessive alcohol consumption, alcoholism is a chronic disease characterized by a tendency to drink more than intended, unsuccessful attempts to stop drinking despite negative social and professional consequences.

The above definition is what I gleaned from a medical perspective. Alright, let me talk to the common man down the street. Alcoholism is difficult to define because its social manifestations vary. Some authorities define it, in fact, as any repeated consumption above normal for a person and a community. But if we consider alcoholism as a process, what is significant is the dependence factor. Like many other drugs (I hope we realize that alcohol is a drug), alcohol can produce psychological dependence and, in extreme cases, physical dependence, alcohol has become necessary to the body.

In “problematic” psychological consumption, the patient constantly seeks to escape his psychic difficulties through alcohol. In physical dependence, alcohol has become necessary for the functioning of the organism and its elimination produces extreme physical effects. When drinking becomes alcoholic is not determined by the amount drunk, or even by the extent to which it dominates a person’s social life. What sets the alcoholic apart is that, whether he realizes it or not, his drinking is compulsive.

May I beg your indulgence to tell the story of a woman from TED (Technological Entertainment Design), she was a high tech executive from the Silicon Valleys in the United States. Very high forehead (name omitted). She said that due to the stress of work, she started drinking, mainly wine, to relieve her tension. She started with a glass of wine at dinner. She later divorced her husband due to irreconcilable differences. She was 43 years old. She had 3 children, 2 boys and a girl aged 15, 13 and 10.

As she grew in her business and started traveling the world for official conferences, hosting talk shows, attending workshops, educating clients about her tech business. She found that every moment she began to cling to glasses of wine for company and comfort. She said at the workshops she would sneak in for a glass or two of wine. She gradually started putting a bottle of wine in her purses and rushing to the toilet. She said she always flew first class with British Airlines (BA) and helped herself generously to the matching wines served during the flights. She will pack most compact 50ml, 100mg and 150ml bottles of wine in her carry-on to her hotel room, where she will even skip meals but continue her drunkenness. She had no worries in the world because she was addicted to her drinks or vice versa.

Most of the male colleagues, especially the billionaire cassanovas on hearing that she was divorced, approached her for friendships and marital affiliations, which she vehemently and vigorously rebuffed. Her addiction to alcohol made her a recluse.

Her three children, although remained in the United States during her many travels, were always in constant communication with her. She thought she was enjoying the best of 3 – worlds – her family, her well-paying job and her reclusive wine drinker.

Then one day, her second son Jo-jo as he was simply called, came to her bedroom in Carlifonia where she called her home and hit her like a thunderbolt with a devastating question. “Mom,” he said, “why is it that every time you come home your bags are usually full of wine, our cupboards are full of wine bottles. Mom drinking them and your eyes are always She almost fainted Her secrets are out in the open The straw that broke the camel’s back was when her first son came and called her a drunk She walked into a center “I was on the mend and had never tasted wine, red or white until today – 20 years later. My first son is a Ph.D. and Associate Professor of Psychology.”

The social uses of alcohol are many, but it should never be used to escape stress and tension. The relaxing effects of alcohol reduce inhibition and relieve anxieties, so alcohol in small amounts acts as a social lubricant, decreasing self-awareness and increasing friendliness, trust and belonging. As a result, it has been associated with all aspects of human nature. Sometimes the occasional drunkenness is encouraged and viewed with amusement; and yet alcohol has its place in much of our social and secret rituals, even down to the celebration of religious mysteries (Holy Communion), birth and death.

The varied uses of alcohol are an integral part of traditions integrating the social order. As individuals, we can love or despise the liberation that alcohol can bring; but a normal attitude, for our society, is that, used with good sense, alcohol is one of the earth’s gifts to man and that, consumed in moderation, alcoholic beverages provide pleasure at little cost. in body or soul.

One or two medium doses (two glasses), normally pose no health hazard. But sometimes, all alcohol consumption is discouraged, for example; if the person is severely overweight, or if they have recently taken sedatives, tranquilizers or anti-histamine (anti-allergic) tablets; or if he suffers from epilepsy, liver problems or gastric or duodenal ulcers.

Today, the conditions of our society seem to cause people to turn more and more often to alcohol as an escape from stress – whether the pressure is from work or from their own psyche. This is called “symptomatic consumption”. At first, the relief sought by the drinker is readily available. But little by little he only manages to do so by drinking larger and larger quantities, as the tolerance to alcohol increases. Eventually, his psychological addiction is sustained, and ultimately displaced by the physical addiction – with disastrous effects on his body, fitness, and family and social life.

Symptomatic drinking is considered by experts to be a “disease” linked to an underlying personality disorder. It may even be related to some metabolic defect. But availability, social environment and education are also important. As a result, alcoholism predominates in some social groups more than others: senior executives and their wives, street vendors, journalists, Nollywood actors and children of alcoholics.

The treatment of alcoholism is not just a meal. The alcoholic, when deprived of alcohol, develops a severe withdrawal syndrome – which is manifested by sweating, runny nose, vomiting, body aches, diarrhea, tearing eyes, seizures and hallucinations . Sedatives relieve them, but are stopped before they themselves become addictive. The patient’s health is restored through good nutrition and physical problems due to addiction are treated.

After detoxification, the underlying psychological causes are identified, if possible, and treated. The motivation, self-confidence and self-confidence of the patient must be constantly reinforced.

Treatments and their effectiveness vary widely. There are certain measures taken in the treatment like. Aversion therapy – which tries to create conditioned reflexes of illness and aversion to the presence of alcohol. Individual Psychological Therapy – aims to eliminate the underlying psychological causes by bringing them to light and getting the patient to accept and deal with them on their own.

Group therapy aims to give the patient an objective external look at himself with which he must reconcile and at the same time help him to come out of his isolation, giving him personal relationships and contact with other patients. . Always be medically guided.

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